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Prostate Cancer

Risk Factors

Some of the risk factors for prostate cancer are:

  • Age: The prostate cancer risk increases with age. Prostate cancer generally occurs after the age of 50 years.
  • Family history: People have an increased risk of prostate cancer if their close relatives, such as siblings, parents, or children, are diagnosed with prostate cancer.
  • Race: There is a high risk of prostate cancer in African people as compared to other races.
  • Obesity: Obese people are at increased risk of prostate cancer compared to people with a healthy weight. Further, Obese people generally have advanced or aggressive prostate cancer with an increased likelihood of recurrence.
  • Smoking: Compared to non-smokers, smokers are at an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Studies have also indicated that smokers with a history of prostate cancer are more vulnerable to cancer recurrence.
  • Diet: Some studies have reported that people on high-fat diets may be at increased risk of prostate cancer.
  • Genetic factors: Mutations in the BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes increase prostate cancer risk. These mutations also increase the risk of breast cancer. Further, men with Lynch syndrome have more likelihood of developing prostate cancer.
  • Other possible factors: Other factors that play a role in the development of prostate cancer are alcohol consumption, sexually transmitted infections, prostate inflammation, vasectomy surgery, and exposure to harmful chemicals.

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