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Colorectal Cancer Prevention: The Importance of Lifestyle Choices and Screenings

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in both men and women in India. With the rise in cases, it is important to focus on prevention strategies. While family history and genetics play a role, a healthy lifestyle can also make a significant impact in reducing the risk of colorectal cancer. Making certain lifestyle choices and undergoing regular screenings can help detect and prevent colorectal cancer early on.


Maintain a healthy diet:

One of the primary ways to prevent colorectal cancer is by maintaining a healthy diet. A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains and low in red and processed meats can help lower the risk of colorectal cancer. In addition, limiting alcohol intake and avoiding tobacco is crucial in maintaining overall health. It is also important to stay hydrated, as dehydration can cause constipation which increases the risk of colorectal cancer.

Exercise regularly:

Along with a healthy diet, physical activity is essential in reducing the risk of colorectal cancer. Engaging in regular exercise helps maintain a healthy weight and improves overall health. Studies have shown that individuals who are physically active have a lower risk of developing colorectal cancer than those who are inactive.

Get screened regularly:

Regular screenings are recommended for individuals above 50 years of age or those who have a family history of colorectal cancer. These tests can detect and remove abnormal growths before they turn cancerous. There are several types of screenings available such as stool tests, colonoscopies, and CT colonography. Your doctor can advise you on which screening is best suited for you based on your age and overall health.

Know the symptoms:

Being aware of the symptoms of colorectal cancer can also aid in early detection. Symptoms include a change in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, and unexplained weight loss. If you experience any of these symptoms, see your healthcare provider right away.

Stay informed:

Keeping up to date on the latest research and guidelines can help you make informed decisions about your preventative health measures. Organizations like the American Cancer Society provide reliable information and resources on colorectal cancer prevention and screening.


Colorectal cancer is a preventable disease. By incorporating healthy lifestyle choices, such as a nutritious diet, regular exercise, and limited alcohol and tobacco intake, we can reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer. Early detection and treatment through regular screenings are critical in the prevention and management of colorectal cancer. Additionally, staying informed about the latest research and guidelines can help you take charge of your health and make informed decisions about your preventative care. It is never too late to take steps towards a healthier lifestyle and begin colorectal cancer screening. Remember, prevention is always better than cure.