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German man with a rare blood disorder cured at American Oncology Institute (AOI) Nagpur

The team of specialist at American Oncology Institute (AOI) Nagpur successfully treated a 67-year-old man from Germany suffering from Acquired Aplastic Anemia (AA), a rare, life-threatening blood disorder

A 67-year-old man from Germany with type 2 diabetes got a new lease of life after he was treated and cured of acquired aplastic anaemia (AA), a rare, life-threatening blood disorder. The patient was recently discharged from Nagpur’s American Oncology Institute and Nangia Specialty Hospital.

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Aplastic anemia is caused when the body stops producing enough new blood cells. Generally, a bone marrow transplant (BMT) is considered a popular solution for such a condition, and the patient, being an IT person, was also insisting on the same after a lot of web searches. However, hematologist and BMT Specialist Dr. Shailesh Bamborde convinced him to go for anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) therapy along with oral cyclosporine and eltrombopag. The patient agreed and was discharged recently after his body started producing blood cells, and he could live a life free of blood transfusions.

“Undoubtedly, BMT is a final cure for several blood disorders in young adults. However, the treatment in older patients is ATG. Though it was challenging to give cyclosporine and eltrombopag looking at his comorbidities, we managed it well. The transfusion requirements decreased gradually and the patient responded very well,” said Dr. Bamborde, adding that every blood disorder does not need the costly and complicated BMT process. Instead, doctors can provide ATG, which has a more than 70% success rate and is very much more affordable than BMT.

Though from Germany, the patient was diagnosed with aplastic anaemia while he was working on an IT project in Bangladesh. From there, he searched for treatment options and chose to come to Nagpur at the American Oncology Institute.

Dr Amit Dhawan, regional COO of the institute, said, “In India, blood-related disorders are on the rise and the only long-lasting line of treatment for them is a bone marrow transplant. But what we provided to the patient was better, affordable, and sustainable treatment options for him.”

Aplastic anaemia (AA) is a rare blood disorder. This serious condition is a type of bone marrow failure syndrome. The springy tissue inside the bones (bone marrow) does not produce enough white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets. Usually, acquired aplastic anaemia occurs because an immune trigger damages stem cells. It can develop at any age and appear suddenly.

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