Stage 1 :
This is the onset stage, where cancer cells are located anywhere in the top lining of the esophagus. Thus, cancer at this stage has not started growing into the deeper layers yet.
Stage 2 :
During esophageal cancer stage 1, the tumor is small, ~ around 7 cm or less, and is present in the top layers of the esophagus.
Stage 3 :
During this advanced stage, the tumors may have any size and would have grown beyond esophagus. Also, at this stage, lymph nodes along with the distant organs like liver and abdomen are badly affected.
Stage 4 :
Tumor is slightly big in size and has spread to the third layer of esophagus or outer layer of any part of esophagus. The cancer has also spread to 1 or 2 lymph nodes near the tumor.
Stage 5 :
At this stage, cancer has spread beyond the esophagus and tumors may have spread to 3 to 6 lymph nodes. It has not spread to the distant organs, though.
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