mobile header

Understanding Meningioma: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Meningioma is a type of brain tumor that accounts for about 30% of all brain tumors. It develops in the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Though meningiomas are often benign and slow-growing, some tumors can be malignant, and all require careful management and treatment.



The symptoms of meningioma depend on the size, location, and growth rate of the tumor. Common symptoms include headaches, seizures, vision problems, hearing loss, loss of smell or taste, dizziness, balance problems, weakness or numbness in the arms or legs, mood or personality changes, and memory loss. If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to seek medical attention.


The exact cause of meningioma is unknown, but research suggests that genetic mutations, hormonal imbalances, and exposure to radiation may play a role. Certain risk factors, such as age, gender, and previous radiation treatment, can also increase your risk of developing meningioma.


To diagnose meningioma, your doctor will perform a physical exam, a neurological exam, and imaging tests such as CT scans or MRI scans. In some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis and determine the type of meningioma.


Treatment options for meningioma depend on the size, location, and type of tumor, as well as your overall health. Small, slow-growing meningiomas may not require treatment and can be monitored over time. More aggressive or symptomatic meningiomas may require surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments. Your oncologist will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan based on your individual needs.


The prognosis for meningioma varies depending on the type and stage of the tumor, as well as the effectiveness of treatment. Most meningiomas are slow-growing and can be successfully treated with surgery or radiation therapy. Some meningiomas, however, may be more aggressive and have a higher risk of recurrence. Regular follow-up appointments with your oncologist are important to monitor your condition and ensure prompt intervention if necessary.


Meningioma is a complex and potentially serious medical condition that requires careful evaluation and management. If you experience any symptoms of meningioma, it's important to seek prompt medical attention and work with an experienced oncology team. At American Oncology Institute, our team of oncologists and neurosurgeons are dedicated to providing compassionate and comprehensive care for patients with meningioma. We offer advanced diagnostic and treatment options, including state-of-the-art radiation therapy, to help our patients achieve the best possible outcomes and quality of life.