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Signs You Need to Schedule a Prostate Cancer Screening

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men, but early detection can make a significant difference in the treatment and outcome. Understanding the signs and symptoms that indicate you should schedule a prostate cancer screening is crucial for maintaining your health.


What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate gland, located just below the bladder in men, begin to grow uncontrollably. While some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may not cause serious harm, others are more aggressive and can spread quickly.

The Importance of Early Detection

Early detection of prostate cancer through screening can lead to better treatment options and a higher chance of successful recovery. According to the American Cancer Society, early detection and treatment of prostate cancer can significantly increase survival rates.

Who Should Consider Prostate Cancer Screening?

Screening is recommended for men starting at age 50, but those with a higher risk, such as African American men or those with a family history of prostate cancer, should consider starting earlier, around age 45.

Key Signs That You Need to Schedule a Screening

1. Frequent Urination: One of the most common early signs of prostate issues, including cancer, is frequent urination. If you find yourself needing to urinate more often than usual, especially at night, it may be time to talk to your doctor.

2. Difficulty Urinating: Experiencing trouble starting or stopping the flow of urine is another potential sign of prostate cancer. This could include a weak or interrupted urine stream, which might indicate that something is obstructing the flow of urine through the urethra.

3. Painful Urination or Ejaculation: Discomfort or pain during urination or ejaculation can be a symptom of prostate cancer. This pain can be caused by the tumor pressing on the urethra or surrounding tissues.

4. Blood in Urine or Semen: If you notice blood in your urine or semen, it’s essential to seek medical attention immediately. Blood in these fluids can be a sign of prostate cancer or other serious conditions.

5. Erectile Dysfunction: While erectile dysfunction (ED) can result from various factors, it may also be a symptom of prostate cancer. If you experience a sudden onset of ED, it’s worth discussing with your healthcare provider.

6. Pelvic Discomfort or Pain: Persistent pain or discomfort in the pelvic area, lower back, hips, or thighs can sometimes indicate prostate cancer. Although these symptoms can be associated with other conditions, they warrant a discussion with your doctor.

7. Unexplained Weight Loss: Sudden, unexplained weight loss can be a sign of many types of cancer, including prostate cancer. If you experience significant weight loss without changes in diet or exercise, consult your healthcare provider.

The Screening Process

Prostate cancer screening typically involves two main tests:

1. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: The PSA test measures the level of PSA, a protein produced by the prostate, in your blood. Elevated PSA levels can indicate prostate cancer, but they can also be caused by other conditions.

2. Digital Rectal Exam (DRE): During a DRE, your doctor will insert a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to check for any abnormalities in the prostate, such as lumps or hard areas.

What to Expect if Screening Indicates Prostate Cancer?

If your screening results suggest the possibility of prostate cancer, your doctor may recommend additional tests, such as a prostate biopsy or imaging tests, to confirm the diagnosis and determine the cancer's stage and aggressiveness.


Early detection through regular screening is key to successfully treating prostate cancer. Pay attention to the signs and symptoms listed above and consult your healthcare provider if you experience any of them. For comprehensive prostate cancer treatment in India, American Oncology Institute is recognized as the top multi-disciplinary oncology hospital known for its expertise and advanced care.