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Gynaecological Cancers Unveiled: Types and Symptoms

Gynaecological cancers are the cancers that affect women's reproductive system, including the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, ovaries, and vulva. It's important to understand that each of these cancers is different and may require unique management strategies.


Cervical Cancer:

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cells of the cervix. It's caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. Symptoms of cervical cancer can include vaginal bleeding, pain during sex, and discharge with a foul odor. Women should get screened regularly for cervical cancer with a Pap test to detect any abnormalities in the cervix.

Uterine Cancer:

Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, affects the lining of the uterus. It's often accompanied by abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding after menopause or bleeding between menstrual periods. Other symptoms may include pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, and abnormal discharge from the vagina.

Ovarian Cancer:

Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the ovaries. It's often referred to as a "silent killer" because it can be difficult to detect until it has progressed to an advanced stage. Symptoms of ovarian cancer may include bloating, abdominal swelling, pelvic pain, and a loss of appetite.

Vulvar Cancer:

Vulvar cancer is a rare type of cancer that develops on the external genitalia. Symptoms of vulvar cancer may include itching, burning, or bleeding in the genital area. Women should consult with their doctor if they notice any abnormal lumps or growths in the vulva.

Vaginal Cancer:

Vaginal cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that forms in the vagina. Symptoms of vaginal cancer may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse, and a lump or mass in the vagina. It's important for women to get regular pelvic exams and to report any unusual symptoms to their doctor.


Gynaecological cancers are serious conditions that women should be aware of. Regular gynaecological exams, Pap tests, and reporting any unusual symptoms to your doctor can help to detect these cancers early. Remember, early intervention is the key to better outcomes. Don't hesitate to consult with an oncologist if you have any concerns about your gynaecological health. At American Oncology Institute, we have a team of expert oncologists who specialize in the management of gynaecological cancers. We're here to help you through every step of your cancer journey.