What is cancer?
Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and invade other tissues. Cancer cells can spread throughout the body via the blood and lymph system. When cancer cells move from their point of origin and invade other parts of the body through the bloodstream and lymph system, the process is referred to as metastasis.
Cancer is not contagious and often occurs due to a mix of hereditary and environmental factors. More than 100 different types of cancer exist. Most cancers are named after the organ or type of cell in which they originate.
What are the origins of cancer?
All cancers originate from cells – the body’s basic units of life. The human body is composed of about 100 trillion cells. Cells keep the body healthy by growing, dividing, and producing new cells when the body needs them. Normally, when cells become old or damaged, they die and new cells replace them.
However, this process may be disrupted when cells divide and replicate uncontrollably, even if new cells are not needed by the body. This unnecessary cell growth may be the result of mutated or damaged genetic material, known as DNA. When this type of cell growth occurs, the result is an unneeded increase in the overall quantity of cells in the body. This increase in new cells can form a mass of tissue called a tumor. However, not all tumors are cancerous.
What are the types of tumors?
Some cancers do not form tumors. Leukemia, a cancer of the marrow and blood, is a common example of such a cancer.
Cancer in India
In India, the most prevalent types of cancer include:
An estimated 100 out of 100,000 people are diagnosed each year with cancer in India. However, the actual incidence rate may be higher due to under-reporting or inadequate screening. Raising awareness of cancer is part of AOI’s mission.
How to treat cancer?
In recent years, cancer treatment and therapies have progressed significantly. Countless patients have been cured, while others’ lives have been extended far longer than possible with these advanced treatment options. Common types of treatment for cancer include
Precision Cancer Care at American Oncology Institute
In recent years, cancer treatment and therapies have progressed significantly. Countless patients have been cured, while others’ lives have been extended far longer than possible with these advanced treatment options.
American Oncology Institute provides comprehensive cancer management powered by a multi-disciplinary team, clinical excellence, world class technology as well as international protocols. AOI stands at the forefront of treatment excellence offering precision cancer care for all types of cancers for all age groups and genders.