Stomach Cancer Bhubaneswar

Overview

Cancer that occurs in the inner lining of the stomach wall is called as stomach cancer. These inner layers of cancer cells can grow into tumors which are called as gastric cancers.

Stomach cancer is 5th most common cancer among men in India. It is also the second most common cause of cancer death globally with nearly 8,00,000 cases each year and maximum number of cases occurring in men and women over the age of 70 years.

Risk Factors

  • A diet high in salty and smoked foods
  • A diet low in fruits and vegetables
  • Long-term stomach inflammation
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Smoking
  • Stomach polyps
  • Eating foods contaminated with aflatoxin fungus
  • Family history of stomach cancer

Symptoms

In the majority of the cases stomach cancer does not have symptoms in the early stages which are why most of the stomach cancers are not detected until they spread to other parts. Some of the common symptoms are

  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Loss of appetite
  • Heartburn, indigestion or ulcer-type symptoms
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating or swelling in the abdomen
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Feeling of fullness after eating small amounts of food
  • Bloody or black stools
  • Fatigue
  • Unintentional weight loss

Diagnosis

Stomach cancer rarely shows symptoms in the early stages and even if they do, they are often mistaken as heart burn, acidity etc. Therefore, detection of stomach cancer is usually does not until it reaches an advanced stage.

At American Oncology Institute,doctors perform initial physical examination to check the abnormalities. This is followed by blood tests including the test for the H. pylori bacteria. If the doctor suspects that a person is showing signs of stomach cancer, additional diagnostic tests are advised specifically to look for suspected tumors. The tests may include:

An upper Gastro Intestinal endoscopy:Procedure in which a small camera on a thin flexible probe to look at the oesophagus and stomach for the tissue changes.

A biopsy: Sample tissue examination
Imaging tests, such as CT scans and X-days.

Treatment Options

Surgery – Is the most common treatment for stomach cancer and surgical oncologists at American oncology institute are experts in performing gastro intestinal surgeries which are delicate and challenging in some cases.
Chemotherapy – Is given for stomach cancer often before surgery to shrink the tumor followed by a surgical resection of the cancer tissue.
Radiation therapy – Is given using most precise method of radiation therapy in which radiation targeting is done to cancer tissues in the stomach while limiting damage to the other normal tissues.