Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer treatment plan is determined by taking gleason score, as well as many other factors into consideration. Treatment options may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or any combination of these treatments.
- A surgical procedure called ‘radical prostatectomy’ may be an option where the surgeon remove partial or the entire prostate organ.
- Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells or stop them from growing. Radiation therapy consists of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy or internal radiation therapy.
- External beam is a treatment option that uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing.
- Brachy therapy uses a radioactive substance, usually in the form of seeds which are placed directly into or near the cancer which helps to shrink the tumour.