Treatment options may consist of radiotherapy, hormonal therapy, surgery, chemotherapy or any combination of these treatments. In surgery, a surgeon may remove part of or the entire prostate organ. Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells. Hormonal therapy blocks the production of Testosterone in order to combat the tumor (as prostrate cancer is a hormone dependant tumour). Radiation uses high-energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells or stop them from growing
Radiation therapy consists of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy therapy. External beam uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing Brachytherapy uses a radioactive substance, usually in the form of seeds which are placed directly into the prostrate which helps to shrink the tumor.