Treatment options may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, other localized therapies or any combination of these treatments.
- Surgery may consist of a pneumonectomy, lobectomy, or segmentectomy where all or part of the lung is removed. In some instances, the nearby lymph nodes may be removed for observation
- Chemotherapy is a systemic therapy that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells
- Radiation therapy consists of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy or internal radiation therapy
- External beam uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing
- Brachytherapy uses a radioactive substance, usually in the form of seeds which are placed directly into or near the cancer which helps to shrink the tumor
- Other therapies can include radio frequency ablation, photo dynamic therapy, laser therapy and stent placement