Ovarian Cancer ludhiana


  • Ovarian cancer begins in the ovaries, which are two glands located on either side of the uterus. The ovaries produce the female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, and release eggs during a woman’s reproductive years.
  • Ovarian cancer symptoms are not apparent in the early stages of the disease. Because there is no routine screening test for ovarian cancer, women with a family history of the disease or other risk factors should be cautious.
  • The signs of ovarian cancer may be different for each woman and any one of these symptoms may be caused by noncancerous conditions.
  • Common symptoms of ovarian cancer may include: Persistent abdominal bloating, indigestion or nausea, changes in appetite, often a loss of appetite or feeling full, feeling of pressure in the pelvis or lower back, frequent urination, changes in bowel movements, increased abdominal girth and loss of energy.
  • Risk factors include gender (women), age (55 years or older), family history, child bearing status (women who deliver after the age of 30), obesity etc.

Risk Factors

  • Family history of Ovarian Cancer
  • Personal history of cancer, specifically in the breast,uterus, colon, or rectum have greater susceptibility for developing ovarian cancer
  • Aging: Women after the age of 55 have a greater risk
  • No pregnancies Obesity
  • Fertility drugs
  • Estrogen therapy and hormone therapy
  • Use of talcum powder on the genitals


Early stages of ovarian cancer may not cause any noticeable symptoms, however, as the cancer progresses, symptoms may arise. The following are the most common signs or symptoms of ovarian cancer:

  • Pressure or pain in the abdomen, pelvis, back or legs
  • Swollen or bloated abdomen
  • Nausea, indigestion, gas, constipation or diarrhea
  • Fatigue
    Less common symptoms may include:
  • Sortness of breath
  • Feeling the need to urinate frequently
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding such as heavy periods or bleeding after menopause


Although symptoms may suggest that cancer is present, the use of diagnostic imaging, biopsies and other tests can help confirm whether the cancer really exists. The following are tests that may be conducted in diagnosing ovarian cancer:

  • Ultrasound
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Barium enema x-ray
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Biopsy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Blood tests

Treatment Options

Treatment options may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or any combination of these treatments.

  • Surgery may be an option where the surgeon may remove one or both ovaries.
  • Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells or stop them from growing.Radiation therapy consists of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy or internal radiation therapy.
  • External beam is a treatment option that uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing.
  • Brachytherapy uses a radioactive substance, usually in the form of seeds which are placed directly into or near the cancer which helps to shrink the tumor.