Prostate is responsible for the production of semen in males. Prostate cancer is a form of a cancer that starts in the prostate gland. Both Prostate cancer and BPH (Benign prostatic hyperplasia) can cause an enlarged prostate. But they only cause common symptoms, no other similarity exists between the both. BPH is not cancerous and fatal like prostate cancer. There is another condition called as ‘Prostatitis’ wherein the prostate becomes swollen, tender and inflamed which is also not cancerous as well as different from BPH.
Every case of prostate cancer is different. Fortunately, it is one of the most treatable cancer types if detected early.
Risk factors for developing prostate cancer include age (generally over 60), diet (people who consume animal fat) and family history.
Some of the common symptoms include trouble in urinating, more than usual urination, pain while urinating or ejaculation, blood in the urine or semen.
Regular screening helps in early detection of prostate cancer. Early detection can lead to successful treatment.
Although symptoms may suggest that cancer is present, the use of diagnostic imaging, blood tests and biopsies can help confirm whether the cancer really exists. The following are tests that may be conducted in diagnosing of prostate cancer:
Prostate cancer treatment plan is determined by taking gleason score, as well as many other factors into consideration. Treatment options may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or any combination of these treatments.