Bladder cancer is cancer that begins in the bladder. The bladder is a hollow organ in the pelvis that stores urine bliefore it leaves the body.
The bladder wall is made of several layers. Most bladder cancers begin in a layer called the urothelium, which lines the inside of the ureter, bladder, urethra and parts of the kidneys. Cancer may also develop in other types of cells in the bladder.
Bladder cancer affects more men than women and is more common in those over the age of 65. The largest risk factor for developing bladder cancer is smoking.
Other risk factors include: Family history, Genetic mutations, Exposure to chemicals, exposure to certain chemotherapy medications, Radiation to the pelvis, Exposure to arsenic, Aristolochic (a Chinese herb), Bladder infections etc.
The most common sign of bladder cancer is hematuria (blood in the urine). Other symptoms are the result of irritation to the bladder wall caused by the tumor.
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