Treatment of colon cancer depends on the type of cancer, stage of cancer, age, health status and other important additional personal characteristics. Most common options for colon cancer are surgery chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Surgery is done in some cases of colon cancer to remove part or entire colon is called colectomy. In some cases nearby lymph nodes are also usually removed depending spread of the cancer tissues.
Chemotherapy is given in which chemicals or medications that interfere with the cell division process damaging proteins or DNA so that cancerous cells are damaged and die. The chemotherapy treatments are given in cycles so that the body has the time to heal in between the doses.
Radiation is given in cases of colon cancer at American oncology institute in which radiation is given focusing high energy rays on the cancer cells causing damage to the molecules that make up the cancer cells to prevent their further growth.