Treatment Options for Cervical Cancer
Treatment options may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, other localized therapies or any combination of these treatments.
Surgery may consist the following options:
- Radical trachelectomy: Removal of the cervix, part of the vagina, and the lymph nodes in the pelvis.
- Total hysterectomy: Removal of the cervix and uterus.
- Radical hysterectomy: Removal of the cervix, some tissue around the cervix, the uterus, and part of the vagina
- Chemotherapy: is a cancer treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells or stop them from growing.
Radiation therapy consists of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy or internal radiation therapy.
External beam is a treatment option that uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing.
Brachy therapy uses a radioactive substance, usually in the form of seeds which are placed directly into or near the cancer which helps to shrink the tumor.