Skin cancer refer to a group of diseases marked by uncontrolled growth and spread of skin cells. Incidences of skin cancer has increased substantially over the last few decades. One in every three cancers diagnosed is a skin cancer. There are three main types of skin cancers: basal-cell skin cancer (BCC), squamous-cell skin cancer (SCC) and melanoma.
Skin cancer mainly affect areas of the skin that have been exposed to the sun. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is the number one cause of skin cancer. Prolonged sun exposure causes basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer; episodes of severe sunburns can cause melanoma. Other skin cancer causes are – repeated exposure to X-ray, scars from burns and occupational exposure to certain chemicals.
Skin cancer is diagnosed by physical examination and biopsy.
Treatment of Skin cancer depends factors like age and general health, the type and size of cancer and the extent to which it has spread on other parts of the body.
Types of treatment include: