A tumor that forms in the tissues of the urinary bladder is known as bladder cancer. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ located in the pelvis that collects and stores urine. Based on the affected cell type, the following are the various classifications for bladder cancer:
In India, bladder cancer is the most common urological cancer being the fifth most prevalent cancer among men.
Although symptoms may suggest that cancer is present, the use of diagnostic imaging, biopsies and other tests can help confirm whether the cancer really exists. The following are tests that may be conducted in diagnosing and staging bladder cancer:
Treatment options may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy or any combination of these treatments.
External beam radiation uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing
Radiotherapy is preferred if patient is willing for bladder preservation (organ preservation).
Biological therapy is sometimes used, too. This treatment is given via a solution containing a weakened bacterium which is introduced to the affected area.The bacteria strain works with the immune system to kill the cancer cells