Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer

Although symptoms may suggest that cancer is present, the use of diagnostic imaging, biopsies and other tests can help confirm whether the cancer really exists. The following are the tests that may be conducted in diagnosing bladder cancer:

  • Urine cytology
  • Urine culture
  • Urine tumor marker test
  • Intravenous pyelogram
  • Retrograde pyelogram
  • Ultrasound
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Chest X-ray
  • Bone scan
  • Bladder biopsy