PET stands for Positron Emission Tomography. In a PET scan, a physician injects a patient with a liquid containing very low level of radioactive content called radioactive tracer. After a waiting period during which organs and tissues absorb tracer a series of chemical events in body tissue, the tracer emits photons that can be seen and translated into an image by the scanner.
Lung cancer is the fifth most common cancer in India. And of the two types of lung cancers — Small Cell and Non-Small Cell (NSCLC), the latter has seen a rise. NSCLC accounts for 85 per cent cases of lung cancer. And the worrying bit is that it is not limited to smokers alone; many non-smokers and women are increasingly being diagnosed with this type of cancer. The causes for this could range from passive smoking to genetic mutations. But there is no reason to panic as there have been major developments over the last few decades with the management of NSCLC (adenocarcinoma).
We are living in the age of information disruption. Through technology, knowledge sharing has become quite convenient. An average user spends minimum 2 hours every day accessing internet. A lot of content is generated and it is only imperative that some of it is not genuine. A lot of myths masquerade online as facts and this write-up is an attempt to disprove some of those popular misconceptions.
Near about five lakh women develop gynecological cancer worldwide every year and more than one lakh of new patients are diagnosed in India itself. Gynecological cancer is uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells that originate from the reproductive organs.
The Gynecological Cancers are of five types, cervical cancer which is the second most common cause of death by cancer in women, it begins in the cervix, which is the lower, narrow end of the uterus.
Thyroid Cancer, constitutes to 2.1 percent of all cancers in the world and the worst part about it is that there is no way to prevent it. It’s occurrence is not in your control. However, like any other cancer, there are treatments for this cancer too that can slow down the effects of it.
Here’s a low-down on Thyroid Cancer, its treatment options and the possible complications can be for your benefit.
Personalised therapy, also called precision medicine, is a form of treatment that is tailored specifically to treat abnormal genes in individual tumours. No two cancers are alike, just as no two people are alike. Personalised medicine is based on a person’s genetic makeup and how their tumour grows. Using this data, doctors hope to find prevention, screening, and treatment strategies that may be more effective and find treatments that cause fewer side effects than the standard options.
Cancer is defined as uncontrolled and unregulated multiplication of abnormal cells in the body, which leads to formation of a malignant growth. According to statistics, the incidence of cancer in India is on the rise. Out of every four cancer patients in the world one is an Indian. Substances which increase the risk of cancer are known as carcinogens. The most common risk factors for cancer include smoking, alcohol and tobacco chewing. Certain viral infections such as Hepatitis B can lead to liver cancer while the Human Papilloma Virus is the causative agent for Cervical Cancer. Excessive consumption of red meat can lead to intestine cancer and excessive exposure to ultra-violet rays can increase the risk of Skin Cancers.
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in the developed world and is responsible for most cancer deaths. It accounts for 13.3 percent of all cancer cases worldwide and in India, it ranks fourth amongst all cancers, second in males and sixth among females.
A lot of Indian women are succumbing to breast cancer, solely due to the lack of awareness or social stigmas, leading them to ignore the early symptoms and in turn lowering their chances of survival. The treatment may depend on the stage of cancer and the receptor status (estrogen and progesterone receptors and her 2 neu receptor). Thanks to newer and advanced treatment procedures, survival rate of breast cancer patients has increased tremendously.
As infectious diseases are becoming more controlled in children, cancer is emerging as the lead cause of death after accidental deaths. Pediatric cancers are rare compared to those in adults. The good news is that most of the pediatric cancers are now curable, but there are many factors acting against achieving this result in our country.
Anemia refers to a decreased number of circulating red blood cells. It is the most common blood disorder in the general population and affects an estimated two billion people, globally. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia, which is caused due to the lack of sufficient iron to form normal red blood cells. Iron is essential for the formation of hemoglobin, the main component of red blood cells for carrying oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues in the body.
Tobacco consumption can place you on higher risk of at least 15 types of cancer, heart disease and various lung diseases. Tobacco can be ingested in a number of ways; smoking cigarettes, chewing or ‘dipping’ tobacco, hookah, and cigars. Cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco consumption. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India is home to 12% of the world’s smokers. More than 1 million people die every year in India due to tobacco-related illnesses.
There are many risk factors that can lead to the development of cancer. Some risk factors are not within control, such as inherited genes or family history, however many are controllable and if avoided can drastically lessen the likelihood of developing cancer. A vital way within control to help in the prevention of cancer is through regular exercise and maintaining a good weight. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately one-third of all cancer deaths are attributed to poor diet, lack of regular exercise and obesity.
Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and invade other tissues. Cancer cells can spread throughout the body via the blood and lymph system. When cancer cells move from their point of origin and invade other parts of the body through the bloodstream and lymph system, the process is referred to as metastasis.
There are many risk factors that can lead to the development of cancer. Some risk factors are not within control, such as inherited genes or family history, however many are controllable and if avoided can drastically lessen the likelihood of developing cancer. A vital way to prevent cancer is by practicing healthy dietary habits and maintaining a good weight. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately one-third of all cancer deaths are attributed to poor diet, lack of regular exercise and obesity.
Cancer is one of the most unpredictable malignancies which is affecting several citizens of all the age groups. Regardless of its unpredictability, there are a few practices that can have a very strong influence on the immune system which can prevent or reduce the cancer risk. These practices will significantly enhance the chances of the cancer patient survival. Below are the lifeline hacks that help you bolster your immunity against Cancer.
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death for both men and women. However, there are some cancers that frequent most commonly among women. The reasons for this vary from cancer to cancer. It is yet to establish the reason behind this. There are women in India, who still do not have access to the proper medical care through which the early diagnosis of the cancer is possible. Let us read through the most common cancers among women.
The discovery of the x rays in 1985 by Wilhelm Rontgen has left a lasting impact on the field of medicine, particularly to cure the life-threatening diseases like Cancer. Three years after its discovery, the systems were devised to use X-rays, initially for diagnosis and within 3 years the high-energy x rays were used to treat Cancer, non-surgically using radiation therapy.