There are two types of Bone Marrow Transplantation: Allogeneic BMT and Autologous BMT. In Allogeneic BMT or Allogeneic transplant, blood stem cells are obtained from the bone marrow of a donor post successful assessment of compatibility. In Autologous BMT or Autologous stem cell transplant, the bone marrow is taken from the patient itself and re infused to the body. Before BMT is done on a patient, the marrow is first killed off with drugs or radiation.
At American Oncology Institute, Autologous transplantation is done in cases including Myeloma, Lymphoma, Pediatric tumors and Multiple sclerosis. Allogeneic transplantation is done in cases including Thalassemia and sickle cell disease, Aplastic Anemia, Acute leukemia, Chronic leukemia, Lymphoma and Auto-immune diseases not responding to medical treatment.