Treatment Options for Bladder Cancer
Treatment options may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy or any combination of these treatments.
- In a surgical process, the surgeon may remove part of or the entire bladder and possibly surrounding tissues, lymph nodes and organs which may be affected
- Chemotherapy may be used. Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy is another option of cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells or stop them from growing. Radiation therapy consists of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy or internal radiation therapy.
- External beam is a treatment option that uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing.
- Brachytherapy uses a radioactive substance, usually in the form of seeds which are placed directly into or near the cancer which helps to shrink the tumor.
- Biological therapy is sometime used to. This treatment is given via a solution containing a weakened bacterium which is introduced to the affected area. The bacteria strain works with the immune system to kill the cancer cells.