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Risk Factors of Cervical cancer

  • Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection
  • Lack of regular PAP tests
  • Smoking
  • Weakened immune system
  • Chlamydia infection
  • Diet
  • Being overweight
  • Use of oral contraception
  • Multiple full-term pregnancies
  • Young age at the first full-term pregnancy: Women with their first full-term pregnancy before the age of 17 are twice as likely to develop cervical cancer
  • Family history
  • Diethylstilbestrol (DES): Use of this hormonal drug to prevent miscarriages increases the risk for cervical cancer