Thyroid cancer affects the thyroid gland, which is responsible for producing hormones that help in controlling metabolism and calcium levels in the body. This type of cancer is more common in women than in men. About two thirds of thyroid cancers are diagnosed in people between the age of 20 and 55. However, it is important to know that Thyroid cancer is different from other thyroid conditions, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The most uncommon, cancers found in the thyroid are thyroid lymphomas, thyroid sarcomas, or other rare tumors (less than 4% only).
Thyroid cancer is caused by a number of environmental and genetic factors. Exposure to ionizing radiation plays a significant role. Rates of thyroid cancer increased following the Chernobyl, Fukushima, Kyshtym, and Windscale nuclear disasters. Genetic causes include family history of a group of disorders associated with tumors of the endocrine system.
People with thyroid cancer may experience:
To diagnose thyroid cancer early, it is better to know the common symptoms of thyroid disorders like fatigue, muscle weakness, weight gain, and cold sensitivity. If you locate a lump in the front of the neck, find that you have difficulty swallowing or experience unusual hoarseness in your voice, discuss it with your doctor. He will check your neck and guide for further investigation. Early diagnosis and treatment remain the cornerstone of thyroid cancer management.
Thyroid cancers are often diagnosed by routine examination of the neck or are found by x-rays, thyroid biopsy or other imaging scans such as ultrasound. There are several types of blood tests such as TSH, Tg & TgAb, and MTC to diagnose thyroid cancer.
At American Oncology Institute, a multidisciplinary team consisting of Radiation Oncologists, Medical Oncologists and Surgical Oncologists collaborate to jointly plan and implement the most optimal treatment protocol for thyroid cancer. AOI conducts a joint international tumor board every week in which pathologists, oncologists, radiation therapists and surgeons from our facilities join the international team to review each case to ensure that every patient receives optimum care. All the treatment decisions are evidence based and follow the VIA pathways and protocols. The treatment methods may involve Radiation Oncology, Medical oncology or Surgical Oncology or combinations of the same.
AOI uses state-of-the-art technologies such as Trubeam StX and Calypso backed by the most modern diagnostic equipment such as PET CT and digital mammograms to ensure that our diagnosis and treatment are precise and effective.