Oral Cancer Bhubaneswar

Overview

  • Oral cancer begins in the mouth (oral cavity). This region of the body includes the lips, the inside lining of the lips and cheeks, the teeth, the gums, most of the tongue, the bottom of the mouth, and roof of the mouth. It can also develop in the throat.
  • Cancer can develop in any part of the oral cavity. Because each part of the oral cavity is different, oral cancer encompasses a wide variety of cancer types that are treated in different ways.
  • Some of the most common oral cancer symptoms and signs include persistent mouth sore, a lump or thickening in the cheek, a white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth, sore throat, difficulty swallowing or chewing, difficulty moving the jaw or tongue, numbness of the tongue or elsewhere in the mouth, swelling of the jaw, loosening of the teeth, pain in the teeth or jaw, voice changes, weight loss and persistent bad breath.
  • Risk factors include gender (more common in men than women), age, exposure to ultraviolet rays, family history and consumption of tobacco, alcohol, gutkha etc.

Risk Factors

  • Tobacco use
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Smoking
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection
  • High levels of sun or ultraviolet (UV) light exposure
  • Personal history of oral cancer
  • Betel quid and gutka use
  • Diets low in fruits and vegetables
  • Weakened immune system

Symptoms

  • Abnormal patches inside the mouth or on your lips
  • Sore on the lip or in the mouth that doesn’t heal
  • Unexplained bleeding in the mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Difficulty or pain when swallowing
  • Difficulty wearing dentures
  • A lump in your neck
  • An earache that doesn’t go away
  • Numbness of lower lip and chin

Diagnosis

Although symptoms may suggest that cancer is present, the use of diagnostic imaging, biopsies and other tests can help confirm whether the cancer really exists. The following are tests that may be conducted in diagnosing oral cancer:

  • X-rays
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Endoscopy
  • Biopsy

Treatment Options

It may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapyor any combination of these treatments.

  • Surgery may be an option where the surgeon may remove the tumor in the mouth or throat and any neighbouring tissues or lymph nodes
  • Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells or stop them from growing.Radiation therapy consists of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy or internal radiation therapy.
  • External beam is a treatment option that uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing.
    Brachytherapy uses a radioactive substance, usually in the form of seeds which are placed directly into or near the cancer which helps to shrink the tumor.