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Bladder Cancer

  • Bladder cancer is cancer that begins in the bladder. The bladder is a hollow organ in the pelvis that stores urine bliefore it leaves the body.
  • The bladder wall is made of several layers. Most bladder cancers begin in a layer called the urothelium, which lines the inside of the ureter, bladder, urethra and parts of the kidneys. Cancer may also develop in other types of cells in the bladder.
  • Bladder cancer affects more men than women and is more common in those over the age of 65. The largest risk factor for developing bladder cancer is smoking.
  • Other risk factors include: Family history, Genetic mutations, Exposure to chemicals, exposure to certain chemotherapy medications, Radiation to the pelvis, Exposure to arsenic, Aristolochic (a Chinese herb), Bladder infections etc.
  • The most common sign of bladder cancer is hematuria (blood in the urine). Other symptoms are the result of irritation to the bladder wall caused by the tumor.

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