The term blood cancer encompasses disorders that affect the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic system. In majority of the blood cancers, the red blood cells development is interrupted with uncontrolled division resulting in abnormal type of cancerous blood cells. These cancerous cells prevent the normal functions like defence or prevention of serious bleeding.
There are three main groups of blood cancer disorders, namely leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma. World over, their prevalence varies.Leukaemia affects white blood cells, which play a vital role in infection-fighting in the immune system. Leukaemia produces a high number of immature white blood cells and impacts other blood cells which help balance immune system and healthy blood.
Lymphoma affects the lymphatic system, which helps to protect human body from infections and diseases.Lymphoma can develop in multiple body, including bone marrow, blood and other organs.Myeloma is a cancer of the plasma cells, which are found in your bone marrow. Plasma cells produce antibodies which help fight infection. When plasma cells become myelomas they prevent the normal production of antibodies, leaving body’s immune system weakened.